Monday, July 7, 2014

Kalatsusi - Halamang Gamot / Herbal Medicine

Scientific name: Plumeria acuminata Ait
English: Frangipani, Temple power, Graveyard flower
Tagalog: Kalatsutsi

Small tree, 3 to 7 m high, stem smooth and shining, succulent, with abundant white latex; easily breaks.
· Leaves: crowded at the terminal end of the branch, commonly oblong in shape, reaching a length of 40 cm and a width of 7 cm.
· Flowers: fragrant, the upper portion whitish, while the inner lower portion yellow, 5 – 6 cm long.
· Fruits: linear-oblong or ellipsoid follicles.
Usually cultivated for ornamental purposes.
There are several species of cultivated Plumiera, very similar to P. rubra but for the color of the corolla.
Parts utilized
· Bark, leaves and flowers.
· Collect from May to October.
· Sun-dry.
Flowers suppose to be source of perfume known as “Frangipiani.”
Bark contains a bitter glucoside, plumierid (2%).
Latex contains resins, caoutchouc and calcium salts of plumieric acid: cerotinic acid and lupeol.
Leaves contain a volatile oil.
Characteristics and Pharmacological Effects
Sweet tasting and neither warming nor cooling in effect, aromatic.
Antipyretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, purgative, rubefacient.
Medicinal Uses
  • Decoction of bark is used as purgative, emmenagogue, and febrifuge.
  • Preventive for heat stroke: the material may be taken as a cooling tea.
  • For dysentery, diarrhea during summer season: use 12 to 24 gms of dried material in decoction.
  • Arthritis, rheumatism, pruritic skin lesions: Mix the latex (sap) with coconut oil, warm, and apply to affected area.
  • Decoction of the bark is used as a counterirritant on the gums for toothache.
  • The latex mixed with coconut oil is used for itching.
  • The juice is rubefacient in rheumatic pains, and with camphor, is also used for itching.
  • A poultice of heated leaves is beneficial for swellings.
  • Decoction of leaves for cracks and eruptions of the soles of the feet.
  • Infusion or extract from leaves is used for asthma.